Summary: Diabetes is caused when the body does not produce enough insulin, or the cells do not respond to the produced insulin, and the body has high blood sugar.
There are three main types of diabetes:§
Type 1 diabetes: the body doesn’t produce insulin and requires the person to inject insulin
§ Type 2 diabetes: the cells fail to use insulin properly, sometimes combined with an absolute insulin deficiency
§ Gestational diabetes: is when pregnant women, who have never had diabetes before, have a high blood glucose level during pregnancy
Adequate treatment of diabetes is thus important, as well as blood pressure control and lifestyle factors such as smoking cessation and maintaining a healthy body weight.
Related Health Issues: Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus, High Blood Pressure, Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus, Cardiovascular Disease, Obesity